The top brass of the group led by Wenmos later moved to Chang’an, together with their families, and were “given grand mansions at Yonglefang” The 7,000 tents previously under the rule ofNashcho and 30,000 to 40,000 captured and surrendered Uighurs from the group formerly led by Oge Khan were mostly “forced into military service all over the country” by the Tang government. They spread very widely, and some were sent as far as the Yangtze and Hui River areaså½.In addition, many Uighur cavalries became subordinate to frontier generals of the Tang Dynasty. Li Maoxun and his son Li Keju were such Uighur commanders under the Border Governor of Youzhou Zhang Zhongwu. These Uighur nobles who moved south to the inland achieved many military feats thanks to their brave and able Uighur cavalry troops, and were granted noble titles and official posts by the Tang government, later becoming part of the ruling elite of the central kingdom Particularly, many ethnically Uighur generals played important parts in the conflicts towards the end of the Tang Dynasty and during the Five-Dynasty period å.
(1) Ganzhou Uighur
Apart from the southbound and westbound Uighurs, there was also a smaller group, who moved first to the south from the steppe north of the desert, went along Huamen Mountains, reached Juyanze, and then entered the River West Corridor along the Ruoshui River. The Uighur people in River West Corridor did not arrive at the same time. There were at least two massive movements. The first was a group moving directly from the area north of the desert to the south in 840 AD (the 5th year of Kaicheng reign), and the second was the remnants of the southbound Uighur who, after the disintegration of their regime, “fled westward, attached themselves to the Tubo regime and then were resettled by Tubo in Ganzhou”èª¿.There were also some tribes who moved separately. After fleeing to Ganzhou, the Uighurs became subordinate to Tubo and were “spread to other places by Viaje hispano a china Tubo”ï¼that is, scattered in the Hexi area and in the western part of Gansu. These resettled Uighur people were called in history as Helan Mountains Uighur, Qinzhou Uighur, Liangzhou Uighur, Heluochuan Uighur, Suzhou Uighur, and Guazhou and Shanzhou Uighur. Ganzhou was the most densely populated area for the Uighurs among all the resettlement places. Rather than being in a state of disunity, all different Uighur divisions kept in good touch with one another and regarded the chief of the Yaglok division at Ganzhou as their common leader, hence the name Ganzhou Uighur for all those people in historical records.